عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
Martyrdom and seeking martyrdom are among the issues and problems of the Qur'an and Hadith and one of the important principles and necessities of the religion of Islam that must be properly identified. The best source for identifying the origin of the nature and characteristics of martyrdom is to study and discover its aspects and angles in the Qur'an and narratives. Understanding the secrets and ways of martyrdom is necessary to show the path of martyrdom. Examining the semantic field of the word martyrdom and its semantic course in the texts of Jahiliyah (age of ignorance before the emergence of Islam) and the Qur'an, shows that the word martyrdom is literally the same as the original meaning and the term martyrdom after the revelation of the Qur'an has been expanded and promoted. Examining the root derivatives of "martyrdom" with the concept of being killed in the way of God shows that this word retains its basic meaning (in Persian) "presence", "perception of presence", "observation", "witness" and "testimony" and has entered the semantic system of the Qur'an with semantic elements with positive value in the course of its semantic evolution. In other words, it can be said that although the concept of "Shahada (in Arabic شَهَدَ)" derivatives was well known to the Arabs of that age, it was used as the meaning of being killed in the way of God, according to which it could ensure human happiness. This study seeks to answer the question of the semantic course of the word "martyrdom" in the Holy Qur'an, and then to examine the constructive semantic elements of "martyr and martyrdom".
* قرآنکریم (مترجم: ناصر مکارم شیرازی). قم: اسوه.
* نهج البلاغه. (١٣٧٩). (مترجم: محمد دشتی). قم: انتشارات حضور.